A surgical procedure to alleviate pressure on the spinal cord or on a nerve root.
The removal of the bony arches of one or more vertebrae to expose the affected part of the cord or nerve roots.
Performed to treat spinal disk prolapse. A small incision is made and the offending disk material is removed. This decreases the pressure on the nerve, and consequently, relieves the pain caused by a prolapsed disk.
The surgical treatment of problems related to the vertebrae caused by injury. The surgery fuses vertebrae together with bone grafts or metal rods, stabilizing the spine.
Injecting anti-inflammatory medication into the back to decrease swelling and pain.
Involves increasing mobility and decreasing pain. It is especially helpful for people with muscle spasms.